The toco toucan (Ramphastos toco), also known as the common toucan or giant toucan, is the largest and probably the best known species in the toucan family.

It is found in semi-open habitats throughout a large part of central and eastern South America. It is a common attraction in zoos.


The toco toucan has conspicuously contrasting plumage with a mainly black body, a white throat, chest and uppertail-coverts, and red undertail-coverts.

What appears to be a blue iris is actually thin blue skin around the eye. This blue skin is surrounded by another ring of bare, orange skin.

The most noticeable feature, however, is its huge bill, which measures from 15.8 to 23 cm (6+14 to 9 in) in length, which is yellow-orange, tending to deeper reddish-orange on its lower sections and culmen, and with a black base and large spot on the tip.[3]

It looks heavy, but as in other toucans it is relatively light because the inside largely is hollow. The tongue is nearly as long as the bill and very flat.

This species is the largest toucan and the largest representative of the order Piciformes.[4]

The total length of the species is 55–65 cm (21+1225+12 in).

Body weight in these birds can vary from 500 to 876 g (1 lb 1+58 oz to 1 lb 14+78 oz), with males averaging 723 g (1 lb 9+12 oz) against the smaller female, which averages 576 g (1 lb 4+38 oz).

Among standard measurements, the wing chord is 22 to 26 cm (8+12 to 10 in), the tail is 14.1 to 17.9 cm (5+916 to 7+116 in) and the tarsus is 4.8 to 6.5 cm (1+78 to 2+916 in).[3]

Other than the size difference, there are no external differences between the sexes. Juveniles are duller and shorter-billed than adults. Its voice consists of a deep,

coarse croaking, often repeated every few seconds. It also has a rattling call and will bill-clack.

The bill is the largest relative to body size of all birds providing 30 to 50% of its body surface area, although another Neotropical species, the sword-billed hummingbird,

has a longer bill relative to its body length.[5] It was called by Buffon a “grossly monstrous” appendage.[6]

Diverse functions have been suggested. Charles Darwin suggested it was a sexual ornament: “toucans may owe the enormous size of their beaks to sexual selection,

for the sake of displaying the diversified and vivid stripes of colour with which these organs are ornamented”.[7]

Further suggestions have included aid in peeling fruit, intimidating other birds when robbing their nests, social selection related to defense of territory, and as a visual warning.[5][8]

Research has shown that one function is as a surface area for heat exchange.[5]

The bill has the ability to modify blood flow and so regulate heat distribution in the body, allowing it to use its bill as a thermal radiator.[5]

In terms of surface area used for this function, the bill relative to the bird’s size is amongst the largest of any animal and has a network of superficial blood vessels supporting

the thin horny sheath on the bill made of keratin called the rhamphotheca.

In its capacity to remove body heat the bill is comparable to that of elephant ears.[5]

The ability to radiate heat depends upon air speed: if this is low only 25% of the adult bird’s resting heat production to as much as four times this heat production.

In comparison, the bill of a duck and the ears of elephant can shed only about 9% of resting heat production.[5]

The bill normally is responsible for 30 to 60% of heat loss. The practice of toco toucans of placing their bills under their wings may serve to insulate the bill and reduce heat loss during sleep.[5]

It has been observed that “complexities of the vasculature and controlling mechanisms needed to adjust the blood flow to the bill may not be completely developed until adulthood.”[5]


Distribution and habitat; BUY TOCO TOUCANS FOR SALE

The toco toucan occurs in northern and eastern Bolivia, extreme south-eastern Peru, northern Argentina, eastern and central Paraguay, and eastern and southern Brazil (excluding southern Rio Grande do Sul,

the dry regions dominated by Caatinga vegetation and coastal regions between Ceará and Rio de Janeiro).

Other disjunct populations occur along the lower Amazon River (Ilha de Marajó west approximately to the Madeira River), far northern Brazil in Roraima,

coastal regions of the Guianas and it has been recently registered in north-west Uruguay.[9]

It only penetrates the Amazon in relatively open areas (e.g. along rivers). It is resident, but local movements may occur.

It is, unlike the other members of the genus Ramphastos, essentially a non-forest species.

It can be found in a wide range of semi-open habitats such as woodland, savanna and other open habitats with scattered trees, Cerrado,

plantations, forest-edge, and even wooded gardens. It is mainly a species of lowlands, but occurs up to 1,750 m (5,740 ft) near the Andes in Bolivia.

It is easily seen in the Pantanal.

Toco Toucan babies… just about weaned and ready to go.

Hand fed sweeties. Please do your research before purchasing a Toucan in regards to their diet and all around care. We are happy to answer any questions! DNA tested –

Tame and Gorgeous! Toco Toucan: a fairly common bird in the Pantanal but always a winner!

Toco toucans possess the largest bill of any toucan. Although it looks heavy, the toucan’s beak is hollow and amazingly lightweight. Toucans are found only in the Western Hemisphere.

The Toco Toucan (Ramphastos toco) is the largest among the toucans and frequents the rain-forests from Guyana to Bolivia and northern Argentina.

The Toco toucan has been bred in captivity for a number of years, and is considered a magnificent display bird in zoos, and is widely enjoyed as an excellent pet.

Toco toucans are quite intelligent and are often used in bird shows, where they can be trained to free fly and perform tricks.

“Toco toucans spend most of their time in trees, but are not very good at flying. Their main mode of travel is hopping among the branches.

When they do fly, they flap their wings vigorously and glide, traveling only short distances.”




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